Linux – Seule la première interface virtuelle peut envoyer un ping à la passerelle externe

J'ai créé 3 interfaces virtuelles avec différentes adresses MAC, toutes liées à la même interface physique. Je vois qu'ils peuvent réussir arp pour la passerelle (gw) et ils peuvent ping (la request arrive dans la capture de packages dans Wireshark).

Cependant, l'utilitaire ping ne count pas les réponses. Est-ce que quelqu'un connaît le problème? Je cours Ubuntu 14.04 dans un VMware.

informations sur les liens ip

 root@ubuntu:~# ip link sh 1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN mode DEFAULT group default link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00 2: eth0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP mode DEFAULT group default qlen 1000 link/ether 00:0c:29:bc:fc:8b brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff 

adresse IP

 root@ubuntu:~# ip addr sh 1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN group default link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00 inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever inet6 ::1/128 scope host valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever 2: eth0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP group default qlen 1000 link/ether 00:0c:29:bc:fc:8b brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff inet6 fe80::20c:29ff:febc:fc8b/64 scope link valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever 

ip route info

 root@ubuntu:~# ip route sh 

append des interfaces virtuelles

 root@ubuntu:~# ip link add link eth0 eth0.1 addr 00:00:00:00:00:11 type macvlan root@ubuntu:~# ip link add link eth0 eth0.2 addr 00:00:00:00:00:22 type macvlan root@ubuntu:~# ip link add link eth0 eth0.3 addr 00:00:00:00:00:33 type macvlan 

confirmer qu'ils ont été ajoutés

 root@ubuntu:~# ip -4 link sh 1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN mode DEFAULT group default link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00 2: eth0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP mode DEFAULT group default qlen 1000 link/ether 00:0c:29:bc:fc:8b brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff 18: eth0.1@eth0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST> mtu 1500 qdisc noop state DOWN mode DEFAULT group default link/ether 00:00:00:00:00:11 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff 19: eth0.2@eth0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST> mtu 1500 qdisc noop state DOWN mode DEFAULT group default link/ether 00:00:00:00:00:22 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff 20: eth0.3@eth0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST> mtu 1500 qdisc noop state DOWN mode DEFAULT group default link/ether 00:00:00:00:00:33 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff 

Adresse IPv4 IP et informations sur l'itinéraire

 root@ubuntu:~# ip -4 addr sh 1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN group default inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever root@ubuntu:~# ip -4 route sh 

get DHCP IP pour eth0.1

 root@ubuntu:~# dhclient -v eth0.1 Internet Systems Consortium DHCP Client 4.2.4 Copyright 2004-2012 Internet Systems Consortium. All rights reserved. For info, please visit https://www.isc.org/software/dhcp/ Listening on LPF/eth0.1/00:00:00:00:00:11 Sending on LPF/eth0.1/00:00:00:00:00:11 Sending on Socket/fallback DHCPDISCOVER on eth0.1 to 255.255.255.255 port 67 interval 3 (xid=0x568eac05) DHCPREQUEST of 192.168.1.145 on eth0.1 to 255.255.255.255 port 67 (xid=0x568eac05) DHCPOFFER of 192.168.1.145 from 192.168.1.254 DHCPACK of 192.168.1.145 from 192.168.1.254 bound to 192.168.1.145 -- renewal in 1473 seconds. 

get DHCP IP pour eth0.2

 root@ubuntu:~# dhclient -v eth0.2 Internet Systems Consortium DHCP Client 4.2.4 Copyright 2004-2012 Internet Systems Consortium. All rights reserved. For info, please visit https://www.isc.org/software/dhcp/ Listening on LPF/eth0.2/00:00:00:00:00:22 Sending on LPF/eth0.2/00:00:00:00:00:22 Sending on Socket/fallback DHCPDISCOVER on eth0.2 to 255.255.255.255 port 67 interval 3 (xid=0x21e3114e) DHCPREQUEST of 192.168.1.146 on eth0.2 to 255.255.255.255 port 67 (xid=0x21e3114e) DHCPOFFER of 192.168.1.146 from 192.168.1.254 DHCPACK of 192.168.1.146 from 192.168.1.254 bound to 192.168.1.146 -- renewal in 1366 seconds. 

get DHCP ip pour eth0.3

 root@ubuntu:~# dhclient -v eth0.3 Internet Systems Consortium DHCP Client 4.2.4 Copyright 2004-2012 Internet Systems Consortium. All rights reserved. For info, please visit https://www.isc.org/software/dhcp/ Listening on LPF/eth0.3/00:00:00:00:00:33 Sending on LPF/eth0.3/00:00:00:00:00:33 Sending on Socket/fallback DHCPDISCOVER on eth0.3 to 255.255.255.255 port 67 interval 3 (xid=0x11dc5f03) DHCPREQUEST of 192.168.1.147 on eth0.3 to 255.255.255.255 port 67 (xid=0x11dc5f03) DHCPOFFER of 192.168.1.147 from 192.168.1.254 DHCPACK of 192.168.1.147 from 192.168.1.254 bound to 192.168.1.147 -- renewal in 1657 seconds. 

informations de binding ip pour les interfaces

 root@ubuntu:~# ip -4 link sh 1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN mode DEFAULT group default link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00 2: eth0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP mode DEFAULT group default qlen 1000 link/ether 00:0c:29:bc:fc:8b brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff 18: eth0.1@eth0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN mode DEFAULT group default link/ether 00:00:00:00:00:11 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff 19: eth0.2@eth0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN mode DEFAULT group default link/ether 00:00:00:00:00:22 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff 20: eth0.3@eth0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN mode DEFAULT group default link/ether 00:00:00:00:00:33 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff 

Informations d'adresse IP pour les interfaces

 root@ubuntu:~# ip -4 addr sh 1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN group default inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever 18: eth0.1@eth0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN group default inet 192.168.1.145/24 brd 192.168.1.255 scope global eth0.1 valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever 19: eth0.2@eth0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN group default inet 192.168.1.146/24 brd 192.168.1.255 scope global eth0.2 valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever 20: eth0.3@eth0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN group default inet 192.168.1.147/24 brd 192.168.1.255 scope global eth0.3 valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever 

ip route info

 root@ubuntu:~# ip -4 route sh default via 192.168.1.254 dev eth0.1 192.168.1.0/24 dev eth0.1 proto kernel scope link src 192.168.1.145 192.168.1.0/24 dev eth0.2 proto kernel scope link src 192.168.1.146 192.168.1.0/24 dev eth0.3 proto kernel scope link src 192.168.1.147 

arpping test eth0.1

 root@ubuntu:~# arping -c 5 -I eth0.1 192.168.1.254 ARPING 192.168.1.254 from 192.168.1.145 eth0.1 Unicast reply from 192.168.1.254 [58:98:35:57:a0:70] 6.936ms Unicast reply from 192.168.1.254 [58:98:35:57:a0:70] 2.986ms Unicast reply from 192.168.1.254 [58:98:35:57:a0:70] 0.654ms Unicast reply from 192.168.1.254 [58:98:35:57:a0:70] 5.137ms Unicast reply from 192.168.1.254 [58:98:35:57:a0:70] 2.426ms Sent 5 probes (1 broadcast(s)) Received 5 response(s) 

arpping test eth0.2

 root@ubuntu:~# arping -c 5 -I eth0.2 192.168.1.254 ARPING 192.168.1.254 from 192.168.1.146 eth0.2 Unicast reply from 192.168.1.254 [58:98:35:57:a0:70] 5.665ms Unicast reply from 192.168.1.254 [58:98:35:57:a0:70] 3.753ms Unicast reply from 192.168.1.254 [58:98:35:57:a0:70] 16.500ms Unicast reply from 192.168.1.254 [58:98:35:57:a0:70] 3.287ms Unicast reply from 192.168.1.254 [58:98:35:57:a0:70] 32.438ms Sent 5 probes (1 broadcast(s)) Received 5 response(s) 

arpping test eth0.3

 root@ubuntu:~# arping -c 5 -I eth0.3 192.168.1.254 ARPING 192.168.1.254 from 192.168.1.147 eth0.3 Unicast reply from 192.168.1.254 [58:98:35:57:a0:70] 4.422ms Unicast reply from 192.168.1.254 [58:98:35:57:a0:70] 2.429ms Unicast reply from 192.168.1.254 [58:98:35:57:a0:70] 2.321ms Unicast reply from 192.168.1.254 [58:98:35:57:a0:70] 40.423ms Unicast reply from 192.168.1.254 [58:98:35:57:a0:70] 2.268ms Sent 5 probes (1 broadcast(s)) Received 5 response(s) 

tcpdump eth0.1 – test ping

 root@ubuntu:~# tcpdump -n -i eth0.1 -v & [1] 5317 root@ubuntu:~# ping -c5 -q -I eth0.1 192.168.1.254 PING 192.168.1.254 (192.168.1.254) from 192.168.1.145 eth0.1: 56(84) bytes of data. tcpdump: listning on eth0.1, link-type EN10MB (Ethernet), capture size 65535 bytes 13:18:37.612558 IP (tos 0x0, ttl 64, id 2595, offset 0, flags [DF], proto ICMP (1), length 84) 192.168.1.145 > 192.168.1.254: ICMP echo request, id 5318, seq 2, length 64 13:18:37.618864 IP (tos 0x68, ttl 64, id 14493, offset 0, flags [none], proto ICMP (1), length 84) 192.168.1.254 > 192.168.1.145: ICMP echo reply, id 5318, seq 2, length 64 13:18:37.743650 ARP, Ethernet (len 6), IPv4 (len 4), Request who-has 192.168.1.87 tell 192.168.1.86, length 46 13:18:38.134997 IP (tos 0x0, ttl 128, id 23547, offset 0, flags [none], proto UDP (17), length 229) 192.168.1.86.138 > 192.168.1.255.138: NBT UDP PACKET(138) 13:18:38.614580 IP (tos 0x0, ttl 64, id 2596, offset 0, flags [DF], proto ICMP (1), length 84) 192.168.1.145 > 192.168.1.254: ICMP echo request, id 5318, seq 3, length 64 13:18:38.793479 IP (tos 0x68, ttl 64, id 14495, offset 0, flags [none], proto ICMP (1), length 84) 192.168.1.254 > 192.168.1.145: ICMP echo reply, id 5318, seq 3, length 64 13:18:39.151282 IP6 (class 0x68, hlim 255, next-header ICMPv6 (58) payload length: 32) fe80::5a98:35ff:fe57:e070 > ff02::1:ff6b:e9b4: [icmp6 sum ok] ICMP6, neighbor solicitation, length 32, who has 2001:818:d812:da00:8ae3:abff:fe6b:e9b4 source link-address option (1), length 8 (1): 58:98:35:57:a0:70 13:18:39.615612 IP (tos 0x0, ttl 64, id 2597, offset 0, flags [DF], proto ICMP (1), length 84) 192.168.1.145 > 192.168.1.254: ICMP echo request, id 5318, seq 4, length 64 13:18:39.746981 IP (tos 0x68, ttl 64, id 14496, offset 0, flags [none], proto ICMP (1), length 84) 192.168.1.254 > 192.168.1.145: ICMP echo reply, id 5318, seq 4, length 64 --- 192.168.1.254 ping statistics --- 5 packets transmitted, 5 received, 0% packet loss, time 4008ms rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 2.793/67.810/178.934/73.108 ms 

nettoyage tcpdump

 root@ubuntu:~# killall tcpdump >> /dev/null 2>&1 9 packets captured 12 packets received by filter 0 packets dropped by kernel [1]+ Done tcpdump -n -i eth0.1 -v 

tcpdump eth0.2 – test ping

 root@ubuntu:~# tcpdump -n -i eth0.2 -v & [1] 5320 root@ubuntu:~# ping -c5 -q -I eth0.2 192.168.1.254 PING 192.168.1.254 (192.168.1.254) from 192.168.1.146 eth0.2: 56(84) bytes of data. tcpdump: listning on eth0.2, link-type EN10MB (Ethernet), capture size 65535 bytes 13:18:41.536874 ARP, Ethernet (len 6), IPv4 (len 4), Reply 192.168.1.254 is-at 58:98:35:57:a0:70, length 46 13:18:41.536933 IP (tos 0x0, ttl 64, id 2599, offset 0, flags [DF], proto ICMP (1), length 84) 192.168.1.146 > 192.168.1.254: ICMP echo request, id 5321, seq 1, length 64 13:18:41.539255 IP (tos 0x68, ttl 64, id 14507, offset 0, flags [none], proto ICMP (1), length 84) 192.168.1.254 > 192.168.1.146: ICMP echo reply, id 5321, seq 1, length 64 13:18:42.127715 ARP, Ethernet (len 6), IPv4 (len 4), Request who-has 192.168.1.87 tell 192.168.1.86, length 46 13:18:42.511725 IP (tos 0x0, ttl 64, id 2600, offset 0, flags [DF], proto ICMP (1), length 84) 192.168.1.146 > 192.168.1.254: ICMP echo request, id 5321, seq 2, length 64 13:18:42.514385 IP (tos 0x68, ttl 64, id 14527, offset 0, flags [none], proto ICMP (1), length 84) 192.168.1.254 > 192.168.1.146: ICMP echo reply, id 5321, seq 2, length 64 13:18:42.743856 ARP, Ethernet (len 6), IPv4 (len 4), Request who-has 192.168.1.87 tell 192.168.1.86, length 46 13:18:43.511727 IP (tos 0x0, ttl 64, id 2601, offset 0, flags [DF], proto ICMP (1), length 84) 192.168.1.146 > 192.168.1.254: ICMP echo request, id 5321, seq 3, length 64 13:18:43.513768 IP (tos 0x68, ttl 64, id 14528, offset 0, flags [none], proto ICMP (1), length 84) 192.168.1.254 > 192.168.1.146: ICMP echo reply, id 5321, seq 3, length 64 13:18:43.637598 IP (tos 0x0, ttl 128, id 23551, offset 0, flags [none], proto UDP (17), length 225) 192.168.1.86.17500 > 255.255.255.255.17500: UDP, length 197 13:18:43.641185 IP (tos 0x0, ttl 128, id 23552, offset 0, flags [none], proto UDP (17), length 225) 192.168.1.86.17500 > 192.168.1.255.17500: UDP, length 197 13:18:43.641201 IP (tos 0x0, ttl 128, id 23553, offset 0, flags [none], proto UDP (17), length 225) 192.168.1.86.17500 > 255.255.255.255.17500: UDP, length 197 13:18:43.743890 ARP, Ethernet (len 6), IPv4 (len 4), Request who-has 192.168.1.87 tell 192.168.1.86, length 46 13:18:44.510758 IP (tos 0x0, ttl 64, id 2602, offset 0, flags [DF], proto ICMP (1), length 84) 192.168.1.146 > 192.168.1.254: ICMP echo request, id 5321, seq 4, length 64 13:18:44.512892 IP (tos 0x68, ttl 64, id 14538, offset 0, flags [none], proto ICMP (1), length 84) 192.168.1.254 > 192.168.1.146: ICMP echo reply, id 5321, seq 4, length 64 13:18:45.510794 IP (tos 0x0, ttl 64, id 2603, offset 0, flags [DF], proto ICMP (1), length 84) 192.168.1.146 > 192.168.1.254: ICMP echo request, id 5321, seq 5, length 64 13:18:45.519701 IP (tos 0x68, ttl 64, id 14539, offset 0, flags [none], proto ICMP (1), length 84) 192.168.1.254 > 192.168.1.146: ICMP echo reply, id 5321, seq 5, length 64 13:18:49.287554 IP6 (class 0x68, hlim 255, next-header ICMPv6 (58) payload length: 32) fe80::5a98:35ff:fe57:e070 > ff02::1:ff6b:e9b4: [icmp6 sum ok] ICMP6, neighbor solicitation, length 32, who has 2001:818:d812:da00:8ae3:abff:fe6b:e9b4 source link-address option (1), length 8 (1): 58:98:35:57:a0:70 13:18:50.013463 IP (tos 0x0, ttl 255, id 50737, offset 0, flags [DF], proto UDP (17), length 73) 192.168.1.146.5353 > 224.0.0.251.5353: 0 [2q] PTR (QM)? _ipps._tcp.local. PTR (QM)? _ipp._tcp.local. (45) 13:18:50.218874 IP6 (class 0x68, hlim 255, next-header ICMPv6 (58) payload length: 32) fe80::5a98:35ff:fe57:e070 > ff02::1:ff6b:e9b4: [icmp6 sum ok] ICMP6, neighbor solicitation, length 32, who has 2001:818:d812:da00:8ae3:abff:fe6b:e9b4 source link-address option (1), length 8 (1): 58:98:35:57:a0:70 13:18:51.129961 IP6 (class 0x68, hlim 255, next-header ICMPv6 (58) payload length: 32) fe80::5a98:35ff:fe57:e070 > ff02::1:ff6b:e9b4: [icmp6 sum ok] ICMP6, neighbor solicitation, length 32, who has 2001:818:d812:da00:8ae3:abff:fe6b:e9b4 source link-address option (1), length 8 (1): 58:98:35:57:a0:70 13:18:52.197074 IP6 (hlim 255, next-header UDP (17) payload length: 53) 2001:818:d812:da00:200:ff:fe00:22.5353 > ff02::fb.5353: [udp sum ok] 0 [2q] PTR (QM)? _ipps._tcp.local. PTR (QM)? _ipp._tcp.local. (45) 13:18:54.128240 ARP, Ethernet (len 6), IPv4 (len 4), Request who-has 192.168.1.87 tell 192.168.1.86, length 46 --- 192.168.1.254 ping statistics --- 5 packets transmitted, 0 received, 100% packet loss, time 4000ms 

nettoyage tcpdump

 root@ubuntu:~# killall tcpdump >> /dev/null 2>&1 13:18:54.657731 IP6 (class 0x68, hlim 255, next-header ICMPv6 (58) payload length: 32) fe80::5a98:35ff:fe57:e070 > ff02::1:ff6b:e9b4: [icmp6 sum ok] ICMP6, neighbor solicitation, length 32, who has 2001:818:d812:da00:8ae3:abff:fe6b:e9b4 source link-address option (1), length 8 (1): 58:98:35:57:a0:70 13:18:54.743174 ARP, Ethernet (len 6), IPv4 (len 4), Request who-has 192.168.1.87 tell 192.168.1.86, length 46 25 packets captured 26 packets received by filter 0 packets dropped by kernel [1]+ Done tcpdump -n -i eth0.2 -v 

tcpdump eth0.3 – test ping

 root@ubuntu:~# tcpdump -n -i eth0.3 icmp & [1] 5324 root@ubuntu:~# ping -c5 -q -I eth0.3 192.168.1.254 PING 192.168.1.254 (192.168.1.254) from 192.168.1.147 eth0.3: 56(84) bytes of data. tcpdump: verbose output suppressed, use -v or -vv for full protocol decode listning on eth0.3, link-type EN10MB (Ethernet), capture size 65535 bytes 13:18:56.373434 IP 192.168.1.147 > 192.168.1.254: ICMP echo request, id 5325, seq 1, length 64 13:18:57.372116 IP 192.168.1.147 > 192.168.1.254: ICMP echo request, id 5325, seq 2, length 64 13:18:57.381263 IP 192.168.1.254 > 192.168.1.147: ICMP echo reply, id 5325, seq 2, length 64 13:18:58.371141 IP 192.168.1.147 > 192.168.1.254: ICMP echo request, id 5325, seq 3, length 64 13:18:58.373275 IP 192.168.1.254 > 192.168.1.147: ICMP echo reply, id 5325, seq 3, length 64 13:18:59.371165 IP 192.168.1.147 > 192.168.1.254: ICMP echo request, id 5325, seq 4, length 64 13:18:59.373259 IP 192.168.1.254 > 192.168.1.147: ICMP echo reply, id 5325, seq 4, length 64 13:19:00.371211 IP 192.168.1.147 > 192.168.1.254: ICMP echo request, id 5325, seq 5, length 64 13:19:00.373278 IP 192.168.1.254 > 192.168.1.147: ICMP echo reply, id 5325, seq 5, length 64 --- 192.168.1.254 ping statistics --- 5 packets transmitted, 1 received, 80% packet loss, time 4001ms rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 13.666/13.666/13.666/0.000 ms 

nettoyage tcpdump

 root@ubuntu:~# killall tcpdump >> /dev/null 2>&1 9 packets captured 10 packets received by filter 0 packets dropped by kernel [1]+ Done tcpdump -n -i eth0.3 icmp 

vérifier le cache arp

 root@ubuntu:~# arp -n Address HWtype HWaddress Flags Mask Iface 192.168.1.254 ether 58:98:35:57:a0:70 C eth0.1 192.168.1.254 ether 58:98:35:57:a0:70 C eth0.2 192.168.1.254 ether 58:98:35:57:a0:70 C eth0.3